How was the 2004 tsunami caused?

What plate boundary caused the 2004 tsunami?

On 26 December 2004 a tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean. It was the result of the Indio-Australian Plate subducting below the Eurasian Plate. It was caused by an earthquake measuring more than magnitude 9.

Did they know the 2004 tsunami was coming?

Quite simply, they had no idea it was coming. That’s because despite a history of tsunamis caused by volcanoes and earthquakes, Indonesia has not had an effective early warning system for years. Saturday’s disaster isn’t the first time Indonesia’s disaster readiness has been criticized this year.

What is the atomic bomb equivalent to a 8.0 earthquake?

Seismic energy by magnitude compared:

Magnitude Energy in joules (J) TNT equiv.
5.0 2.0 x 1012 500 tons of TNT
6.0 6.3 x 1013 15 kilotons of TNT
7.0 2.0 x 1015 500 kilotons of TNT
8.0 6.3 x 1016 15 million tons of TNT

Can you swim in a tsunami?

“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” … A tsunami is actually a series of waves, and the first one might not be the largest.

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What is the biggest tsunami ever?

Do tsunamis happen without warning?

While most tsunamis have seismic precursors that allow for some form of warning, an unfortunate chain of factors led to Saturday’s catastrophic impact, experts say. The tsunami, which happened between Java and Sumatra islands, was caused by the Anak Krakatau, an active volcano that has been erupting since June.

Was the 2004 tsunami the worst ever?

The Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 is believed to be the deadliest tsunami in history, killing more than 230,000 people across 14 countries. It began at 7:59am local time on December 26, 2004, when a 9.1-magnitude quake struck off the northern tip of Sumatra in Indonesia.