What are 4 effects of thunderstorms?
Thunderstorms can bring heavy rains (which can cause flash flooding), strong winds, hail, lightning, and tornadoes. Severe thunderstorms can cause extensive damage to homes and property. Lightning is a major threat during a thunderstorm.
What three things do you need for thunderstorm formation?
All thunderstorms require three ingredients for their formation:
- Instability, and.
- a lifting mechanism.
What do thunderstorms do to the environment?
When thunderstorms form, they draw in pollution and chemicals – taking most of it many miles into the upper atmosphere – scientists believe these pollutants are forming an upper-atmosphere ozone – a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change by trapping the sun’s energy.
Is thunderstorm a natural disaster?
All thunderstorms are dangerous and can be associated with a number of hazards. Heavy rains can lead to flash flooding events – one of the primary causes of death associated with thunderstorms. Lightning, which is produced by every thunderstorm, causes an average of 80 fatalities and 300 injuries each year.
What can thunderstorms damage?
A downburst can easily overturn a mobile home, tear roofs off houses and topple trees. Severe thunderstorms can produce hail the size of a quarter (1 inch) or larger. Quarter- size hail can cause significant damage to cars, roofs, and can break windows. Softball- size hail can fall at speeds faster than 100 mph.
How is lightning formed in a thunderstorm?
Lightning is an electrical discharge caused by imbalances between storm clouds and the ground, or within the clouds themselves. Most lightning occurs within the clouds. … This heat causes surrounding air to rapidly expand and vibrate, which creates the pealing thunder we hear a short time after seeing a lightning flash.