Where does a tornadoes energy come from?
A different set of energy transformations powers the furious winds of a twister. The tornado’s ultimate source of energy, the sun, warms the ocean, evaporating water, which carries the latent heat of vaporization (a kind of potential energy) into the atmosphere. When the water vapor rises, it cools and condenses.
Does a tornado have energy?
The average energy of the nine EF5 tornadoes is just over 100 TJ and the average energy of the 57 EF4 tornadoes is half of that at just over 50 TJ. The average energy of the EF3 tornadoes is less than half of the EF4 and the average energy of the EF2 tornadoes is much less than half of the EF3.
What causes a tornado to form?
The Short Answer: A tornado forms from a large thunderstorm. Inside thunderclouds, warm, humid air rises, while cool air falls–along with rain or hail. These conditions can cause spinning air currents inside the cloud.
How do tornadoes get and have energy and power?
Tornadoes get their incredible power by capturing the forces inside a much bigger “parent” thunderstorm. A tornado captures the force of a very large mass of rotating air in a supercell thunderstorm as much as 10 miles in diameter and concentrates its momentum onto a much smaller spot of ground.
Where do tornadoes usually occur?
In the U.S. they are most common in the central plains of North America, east of the Rocky Mountains and west of the Appalachian Mountains. They occur mostly during the spring and summer; the tornado season comes early in the south and later in the north because spring comes later in the year as one moves northward.
What is the power of a tornado?
The most violent tornadoes are capable of tremendous destruction with wind speeds of up to 300 mph. They can destroy large buildings, uproot trees and hurl vehicles hundreds of yards. They can also drive straw into trees. Damage paths can be in excess of one mile wide to 50 miles long.
Can a tornado lift a cow?
Tornados can — and do — pick up heavy animals like cows and large objects like semi trucks.