What type of hazard is tornado?
Tornado. A tornado is a natural disaster resulting from a thunderstorm. Tornadoes are violent, rotating columns of air which can blow at speeds between 50 mph (80 km/h) and 300 mph (480 km/h), and possibly higher.
Why are tornadoes considered severe?
Since tornadoes can change intensity quickly, they should all be considered dangerous. The vertical winds in tornadoes are capable of temporarily lifting heavy objects such as automobiles or even people hundreds of feet off the ground.
What are the impacts of tornadoes?
The impact of a tornado results in both direct and indirect losses to the local economy. Direct losses result from the destruction of assets from the initial impact of the tornado and include the loss of human lives, roads, power, phone lines, crops, factories, homes, and natural resources.
Is a tornado a natural hazard disaster or both?
1.01. 6.2 Tornadoes. Tornadoes are natural disasters that are responsible for part of the world death toll each year. … A tornado is defined as a violently rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the surface of the Earth.
How do tornadoes affect the natural environment?
They can cut through massive swaths of forest, destroying trees and wildlife habitat, and opening up opportunities for invasive species to gain ground. When tornadoes touch down, we brace for news of property damage, injuries, and loss of life, but the high-speed wind storms wreak environmental havoc, too.
Why do tornadoes only happen in the US?
Most tornadoes are found in the Great Plains of the central United States – an ideal environment for the formation of severe thunderstorms. In this area, known as Tornado Alley, storms are caused when dry cold air moving south from Canada meets warm moist air traveling north from the Gulf of Mexico.
Which level of tornadoes causes the greatest damage?
An EF5 on the Fujita scale is the largest and therefore causes the greatest damage.