What are 5 effects of hurricanes?
Storm surge, tornadoes, heavy rainfall, high winds, riptide, and death are the most major effects of hurricanes.
What are the 7 categories of hurricanes?
Types Of Hurricanes
- Tropical Storm. Winds 39-73 mph.
- Category 1 Hurricane. winds 74-95 mph (64-82 kt) …
- Category 2 Hurricane. winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt) …
- Category 3 Hurricane. winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) …
- Category 4 Hurricane. winds 131-155 mph (114-135 kt) …
- Category 5 Hurricane. winds 156 mph and up (135+ kt)
What are the characteristics of a hurricane?
Hurricanes are especially dangerous storms because they combine the triple threat of violent winds, torrential rains, and abnormally high waves and storm surge.
How are hurricanes categorized?
Hurricanes are classified using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale — a 1 to 5 rating that’s based on maximum sustained wind speed, according to the National Hurricane Center. … The scale was created by Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson in 1971 and introduced to the public in 1973.
What is a Category 5?
The highest classification in the scale, Category 5, consists of storms with sustained winds of at least 157 mph. … The Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale is based on the highest wind speed averaged over a one-minute interval 10 m above the surface.
What’s a Category 4 hurricane?
On the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, a Category 4 hurricane has winds of 130 mph to 156 mph. … Category 4 winds will cause catastrophic damage, hurricane forecasters said, such as: – Well-built homes can sustain severe damage with the loss of most of the roof structure and/or some exterior walls.
What’s a Category 3 hurricane?
Category three hurricane: A hurricane with winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt or 178-209 km/hr). Storm surge generally 9-12 ft above normal. Some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings with a minor amount of curtainwall failures. … Hurricanes are rated on a 1-5 scale based on the hurricane’s intensity.