How does a hurricane affect the environment?
Strong winds and flooding can uproot plants and kill land animals, devastating natural areas. Hurricanes may also destroy energy and chemical production facilities, gas stations, and other businesses, causing the release of toxic chemicals and pollutants into the environment.
How did hurricane Katrina affect biodiversity?
Katrina went through several areas of shallow-shelf estuarine waters including extensive oyster reefs, large marine and estuarine submerged aquatic vegetation beds, and wetlands. Katrina also affected inland forests and wildlife refuges by downing trees and scattering debris.
How do hurricanes affect plant growth?
Hurricane conditions affect crops in several ways, primarily through high wind, heavy rainfall, and/or flooding damage. Winds can have devastating and long-lasting effects on tree orchards because they can break limbs, defoliate leaves and fruit, or even topple trees, leading to long-term crop losses.
Do hurricanes damage coral reefs?
The high winds of a storm can cause powerful waves. Storm surge and waves can topple entire coral heads, or shift sand which can scour or smother coral colonies. Delicate branching corals – like staghorn and elkhorn – are among the most vulnerable to breakage and may be reduced to rubble during a severe storm.
How do hurricanes affect coastal ecosystems?
Hurricanes and extreme extratropical storms cause elevated sea level, known as storm surge, and extensive shoreline erosion and other geologic effects leading to the loss of property and life.
What was one negative impact that Hurricane Katrina had on the ecosystem of the ecosystem of the Gulf Coast?
Katrina’s physical destruction released oil from production facilities and chemicals from kitchen sinks into waterways. The storm knocked down trees, washed out marshes, killed thousands of animals and sent potential invasive species adrift into new environments.
What happens to sharks during a hurricane?
Sharks — and other marine life — are sensitive to barometric pressure, which drops when a major storm like a hurricane comes in. Research has shown sharks can actually feel the change in pressure and swim out to deeper water to where they feel they will be safer.
What effects do hurricanes have?
Storm surge, tornadoes, heavy rainfall, high winds, riptide, and death are the most major effects of hurricanes. While a hurricane is approaching the coast, the sea level increases swiftly. Since the sea level rises, the amount of water can cause many deaths from drowning.