Is acid rain caused by smoke?
Acid rain occurs in industrial areas when the atmosphere is very polluted with smoke from very large numbers of factories and cars. The chemicals present in smoke pollution dissolve in the water in clouds to produce rainwater that is acidic.
Does air pollution lead to acid rain?
Acid rain is one of the consequences of air pollution. Gases produced from the burning of fuels react with the oxygen in the air and water vapour, transforming into acids that fall onto the earth’s surface as rain.
What contributes the most to acid rain?
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) released into the air by fossil-fuel power plants, vehicles and oil refineries are the biggest cause of acid rain today, according to the EPA. Two thirds of sulfur dioxide and one fourth of nitrogen oxide found in the atmosphere come from electric power generators.
Can acid rain burn your skin?
Very strong acids will burn if they touch your skin and can even destroy metals. Acid rain is much, much weaker than this; it is never acidic enough to burn your skin. Rain is always slightly acidic because it mixes with naturally occurring oxides in the air.
What is acid rain for kids?
Acid rain is a form of air pollution. When coal and petroleum are burned in automobiles, electric power plants, and factories, they release certain harmful gases into the air. These gases combine with the oxygen and water in the air.
What pH value causes acid rain?
Normal, clean rain has a pH value of between 5.0 and 5.5, which is slightly acidic. However, when rain combines with sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxides—produced from power plants and automobiles—the rain becomes much more acidic. Typical acid rain has a pH value of 4.0.
What are 3 ways to reduce acid rain?
Instead, we can use renewable energy sources, like solar and wind power. Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they create much less pollution. There are also other sources of electricity, such as nuclear power, hydropower, and geothermal energy. Of these, nuclear and hydropower are used most widely.
What are causes and effects of acid rain how it can be prevented?
Because nitrogen oxides are created in the process of burning coal and other fossil fuels, some power plants are changing the way they burn coal. A great way to reduce acid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. … Renewable energy sources help reduce acid rain because they produce much less pollution.